A Plan for Preparedness and Management of Disasters
Risks in urban areas all over the world have arisen such as more tall buildings, more people to populate the area, addition of overhead power cables, and informal housing units because of the influx of migrants from rural areas who are job hunting. A great disaster is awaiting these urban areas due to the increase in the number of industries, oil storage tanks and pipelines including natural calamities such as earthquakes and landslides. The way people respond and their level of preparedness vary in some parts of the world that experience different disasters. Activities and measure are put in place to minimize the effects and impacts of disasters, and this is now called as mitigation. In addition to this, the physical, economic, and social effects or impacts of disaster to a given population or area are covered. In comparison to places that lack correct preparedness, as shown in history, having adequate preparation can greatly mitigate the effects of these disasters. Depending on the locality and the community concerned, this can involve a lot of aspects and angles. These measures are categorized into structural and non-structural.
These measures of preparedness that mitigate disasters, both structural and non-structural, are further classified into active or passive. In active measures, the incentive reward scheme is done to encourage people or organizations to create disaster ready surroundings. Since the passive measures rely on laws and controls, the active measures have been noticed to be more effective. This is supported by the fact that city planning rules and codes which are based on the law are not that effective unless they are vigilantly implemented coupled with the strong participation of the building owners. Giving subsidies and lessening premiums for insurance for safer constructions can be effective.
The government and the local authorities must aim on handling disasters when they occur, and to do so, the government and the local authorities must possess a trait of preparedness in order to clear structures. It is important to have simple and easy plans and policies for implementation by the disaster preparedness and management unit. It is required that the public and members of organizations be educated and that aside from a well planned use of the land, the warning systems must also be placed properly and constantly serviced. When planning for a disaster is not properly done or is not considered, chaotic events will occur such as fires and it will make vehicles such as fire trucks and ambulances difficult to reach the victim due to impassable roads. If in the event that the government or the local authorities do not make or create a pre or prior planning, the result would be that disaster response and post disaster management will be one of the most challenging things to do.