How to Be Prepared for and Manage Disaster
Due to the migration of people from rural to urban areas, cities and municipalities all over the world are at risk because of the development of tall buildings, thicker population, more overhead power cables, and crowded living conditions. This condition, plus more industries, oil pipelines and storage tanks and occurrence of natural calamities such as earthquakes and landslides causes an impending big disaster. As we saw in the previous years, some parts of the world undergoing different disasters have varying extent and manner of preparedness and how the people react. Activities and measure are put in place to minimize the effects and impacts of disasters, and this is now called as mitigation. Mitigation also covers the effects and impacts of disaster to a given population or area regarding physical, economic, and social. Past experience has shown us that being prepared for disasters to a certain degree can mitigate the effects to a large extent unlike areas that are not properly prepared. Depending on the locality and the community concerned, this can involve a lot of aspects and angles. These measures are categorized into structural and non-structural.
Another categorization for these preparedness measures of mitigating disasters aside from structural and non-structural, is either active or passive. Active measures may include the reward system where incentives are provided to individuals or organizations that implement disaster preparedness measures such as creating disaster ready environments. Since the passive measures rely on laws and controls, the active measures have been noticed to be more effective. As often observed, the fact that the law based planning codes and rules lack effectiveness unless strongly implemented together with the cooperation of building owners. To do the trick, subsidies and lower insurance premiums can be offered for better and safer constructions.
When disasters happen, the government and the local authorities need to have preparedness efforts to clear structures for handling. The plans and policies to be implemented must be simple and easy in order to have a good disaster preparedness and management unit. It is required that the public and members of organizations be educated and that aside from a well planned use of the land, the warning systems must also be placed properly and constantly serviced. Improper planning could result to fires that are difficult to put out and roads that are impassable for fire and emergency vehicles. Pre planning must always be made or done because without it, the disaster response post disaster management will be one of the most challenging and difficult part or task.